The Mongol Empire The Mongol empire of the s remains a sort of anomaly to this day. Their unconventional war tactics and nomadic way of life defied all other empires that were in existence at the time. However, their strategies proved extremely successful, and they were able to establish the largest empire the world had ever seen in a mere 20 year span. The unification of Asia excluding India under the strict rule of the Mongols brought about a period of relative peace and of economic improvement.
Although both ancient and modern Chinese are mostly written with the same characters, the modern daughter languages have become very different from the ancient Mongols essay.
One of the most conspicious differences is just that the terse, monosyllabic nature of Classical Chinese --"old writing," or"literary language" -- has given way to many more particles, polysyllabic words, and periphrastic idioms.
The following story, given in both Classical Chinese and a translation into modern Mandarin-- or the"colloquial speech, vernacular" -- illustrates the difference. The extreme simplification of Mandarin phonology, which would render the Classical language ambiguous if used as a spoken language today too many words now being pronounced the sameexplains the polysyllablic character of the modern language and the reduction of many characters to morphemes.
The same Classical text that can today be read as Mandarin could as well be read with Korean, Vietnamese, or Japanese versions of the Chinese words, or the Korean, Vietnamese, or Japanese translations of the words. None of those languages is even related to Chinese, but since mediaeval, or even modern, Koreans, Vietnamese, and Japanese often wrote in Chinese, without, however, really speaking the language, their own renderings of the characters was customary.
Since the ancient pronunciation Mongols essay the Classical language is unknown, Sino-Korean, Sino-Vietnamese, and Sino-Japanese reading are really just as "authentic" for Classical Chinese as a Modern Mandarin reading.
For example, the character for "mountain," now read shan in Mandarin, turns up as san in Korean, in Vietnamese as so.
Misc thoughts, memories, proto-essays, musings, etc. And on that dread day, the Ineffable One will summon the artificers and makers of graven images, and He will command them to give life to their creations, and failing, they and their creations will be dedicated to the flames. The Mongols and Their Effect on China Essay Words | 9 Pages. The Mongols and Their Effect on China Throughout history, there have been many empires that have shaped the outcome of all life on this world that we live on. The Mongols had taken hospitality to the next level by putting it in writing that even if you have to go days without food, your guest will eat plenty and you will act as though you are full (Doc 10).
The Cantonese word is, of course, cognate to the Mandarin. The Korean, Vietnamese, and Japanese are all borrowings from Chinese, pronounced in the local manner.
Native words for "sun" are hae in Korean, ma. The Japanese borrowed word for "sun" in isolation is nichi, but this is just the pronunciation of niti, where the final i as been added because Japanese syllables cannot end in t.
At that point different things can happen. The t can be lost in assimilation to the h, getting us Nihon, OR the h can revert to its original p, with the t getting assimilated and doubled with it, getting us Nippon.
Another example concerns the present capital of Japan.
The Vietnamese version preserves more of the Chinese consonants, but both Japanese and Vietnamese versions reveal that "capital" originally started with a k, which has become palatalized to a j in Mandarin. The k is also preserved in early modern Western versions of Chinese names, like "Nanking" and "Peking" themselves -- whose use the politically correct now have rejected because of the idea that they are "wrong" and that the local pronunciation of place names must be used -- despite such people generally being unable to correctly pronounce Nanjing or Beijing and thoughtlessly continuing to say "Rome" instead of Roma, which has been the local pronunciation of the name of that city in Italian and Latin for more than two thousand years.
Chinese departments in colleges sometimes expect students to learn Mandarin even though they only want to read Classical Chinese or Sino-Korean, Sino-Vietnamese, or Sino-Japanese.
This imposes a vast unnecessary burden on them, but even some teachers and scholars of Chinese sometimes have trouble accepting that the ancient language is not the modern one and that the ancient language is part of the civilization of Korea, Vietnam, and Japan as much as of modern China.
It is as though students of Latin were told they would have to learn Italian as well, even if they were Spanish or French. The curious idea that something like Mandarin was already an ancient spoken language and that Classical Chinese is some sort of abbreviation or code derived from it can be found in various sources.
For instance, Joanna C. Lee and Ken Smith, in their translations from the Analectsassert: Indeed, I have heard people say that Classical Latin could never have been a spoken language, because it is too difficult.
This should give Russian, let alone Georgianspeakers a good laugh. Now, Classical languages undergo their own development over time and diverge from their oral sources.
But when this happens, we usually have texts attesting the original language and can follow the changes. Thus, Classical Sanskrit can be distinguished from Vedic Sanskrit, which has more in common with Old Persian and thus was certainly the original spoken language, although we cannot rule out some garbling in transmission, since documentary sources are late.
Mediaeval Latin slowly evolved from Classical Latin, but the preservation of the older literature, like Cicero, made it possible to write a "purified" Latin prose during the Renaissance.
Much the same thing happened in Greek. But if we know that the texts of the Confucian corpus are in some sort of artificial language, a "fundamentally different system," it is hard to know what older literature is used to make this claim.Sample’Mongol’DBQ’Essay’#2’ Student#’ ’ ’tranceformingnlp.comreabletodothisbecausetheyhadastrongmilitary.
Archery: Archery, sport involving shooting arrows with a bow, either at an inanimate target or in hunting. From prehistoric times, the bow was a principal weapon of war and of the hunt throughout the world, except in Australia.
Recreational archery also was practiced, along with military, among the ancient. This adaptation of what is recognized today as the oldest Mongolian text (written two decades after Chingis Khan`s death) tells the Mongols` own version of the origin of their nation, the life of Chingis Khan, and the creation of an empire that stretched across Eurasia in the 13th century.
the mongolian empire essaysThe most savage conquerors of history were the Mongols. The Mongolian empire was the largest land empire of its era and occupied land from the yellow sea in Eastern Asia to the border of Eastern Europe. The empire included land in China, Korea, Mongolia, Persia as well a.
13 A major contribution of the Golden Age of Islam was the (1) development of mercantilism (2) creation of the first polytheistic religion (3) spread of democratic ideals. This adaptation of what is recognized today as the oldest Mongolian text (written two decades after Chingis Khan`s death) tells the Mongols` own version of the origin of their nation, the life of Chingis Khan, and the creation of an empire that stretched across Eurasia in the 13th century. The Mongols had taken hospitality to the next level by putting it in writing that even if you have to go days without food, your guest will eat plenty and you will act as though you are full (Doc 10).
Please review the FAQs and contact us if you find a problem. Credits: 1 Recommended: 9th Test Prep: AP World History This is a broad, survey course; you will need to do additional study to take these exams: Western Civilization I, Western Civilization II (Each is the equivalent of one year in high school.) Various tests,.
This essay (from The Whatmans and Wove paper, Appendix I) has four sections, spread over three pages. The early history of alum; England; Alum in Paper and Gelatine; In Defence of Alum - 1. The early history. Although alum is not specifically relevant to the development of wove paper, this chemical was used by the Whatmans .