Types[ edit ] Social influence is a broad term that relates to many different phenomena. Listed below are some major types of social influence that are being researched in the field of social psychology.
Evaluate social identity theory, making reference to relevant studies.
Introduction Outline the purpose of your essay This essay will attempt to make an appraisal by weighing up the strengths and limitations of the social identity theory, with studies supported. SIT is based on 4 main concepts which will be further discussed in the following essay.
Body SIT is based on 4 main concepts Social categorization Tendency to divide and therefore categorize individuals into ingroups us and outgroups them Category accentuation effect - Exaggeration of intergroup differences and intragroup similarities Underestimates to rate or rank too low perceived difference within ingroup and outgroups E.
Nerds all wear glasses Overestimates to attribute too high an estimated value variability between the ingroup and outgroups E. We are different from them because we like books and they do not Social identification We adopt the identity of the group we have "categorized" ourselves as belonging to, which means we may adopt some of the values and behaviours of that group.
Self-concept based on membership to social groups When relating to another as a member of a social group, our social identities affect our behaviour towards them Individual identities partly come from group memberships Having this social identity enhances our self-esteem Social comparison and positive distinctiveness Social identity contributes to our self-image so we seek positive social identities to maintain and enhance self-esteem.
We compare our in-group with out-groups of a similar status to enhance thus establish the superiority of our group. SIT states that the in-group will discriminate against the out-group to enhance their self-image.
This can be seen in a study by Cialdini et al. Fans from large U. Students tended to wear more apparel associating themselves with their own university e. Based on these findings, researchers decided to call students and interview them about the performance of their schools football team following a game.
People tended to use the pronoun "we" more to describe their team when they won and "they" more when the team had lost. The researchers were able to show that people tend to associate with positive others most closely when their own public image is threatened.
Membership to a social group affects the behaviour of an individual. Connection of study to question This study supports the SIT as it demonstrated the concept of social identity. People"s self-image was affected by their in-group in that the victory gave a sense of "positive- distinctiveness" for the group and therefore enhanced self-esteem.
Intergroup behaviours based on social identities Social identity is used to explain social phenomena in terms of intergroup behaviours such as Ethnocentrism - ingroup SSB positive behaviours attributed to dispositional factors negative behaviours attributed to situational factors vice versa for outgroups Favouring of ingroup as opposed tutgroups E.
Our sporting team wins more than them, therefore, we are better Intergroup differentiation - emphasising differences between ingroups and outgroups Stereotypical thinking Ingroup and outgroup members are perceived according to relevant stereotypes Conformity to group norms Behaves in accordance to standards of behaviour defined by the ingroup Key Study: To demonstrate the minimal group paradigm in creating in group bias Method: Schoolboys from Bristol were randomly allocated into groups though they were told it was off a basis for a preference of artwork for Kandinsky or Klee.
Told they were participating in a decision making experiment They individually assigned points based off a matrix to their group or another group.
They were allowed no face to face contact or communication. Boys tended to favour ingroup members over outgroup members ingroup favouritism Boys maximised differences between groups category accentuation effecteven if it was potentially disadvantageous to their own group Conclusion: The idea of being in a group is enough to induce own group bias minimal group paradigm Evaluation: Tajfel"s study has reduced this complex psychological phenomenon down to a very simple level, focusing just on minimal groups and performance of a simple experimental task.
|Introduction||Tajfel proposed that the groups e. Groups give us a sense of social identity:|
Deception Participants were told it was a study on decision making, when it was actually about group bias Consent Participants did not give informed consent as they did not know the true aim of the study Connection of study to question This study supports SIT because the participants showed ingroup favouritism and category accentuation effect, which is an intergroup behaviour and concept of SIT Supporting Study 2: To emphasise the effects of discrimination and group bias on personal traits and self-esteem.
Segregated primary school class into two groups based on eye colour. Told blue eyes meant you were smarter, quicker and more successful. Brown eyes meant you were lazy, untruthful, and stupid. Blue eyed children were given privileges. A few days later the roles were reversed.
Brown eyes became timid, submissive and performed less well academically. The same thing happened when roles were reversed. This was despite any personal traits that may have been present previously Conclusion: Being part of a group affects how you view yourself, and your behaviour towards out groups.Social Identity Theory: Minutely Explained With Everyday Examples A person's identity is defined by several factors, such as inherent and cultivated attributes, behavioral pattern, as well as the people he/she associates with.
The historical development, metatheoretical background, and current state of the social identity perspective in social psychology are described.
Although originally an analysis mainly of intergroup relations between large-scale social categories, and more recently an analysis with a strong social.
Social Identity Theory In Henri Tajfel and John Turner proposed a Social Identity Theory which held that there are three cognitive processes relevant to a persons being part . Social identity theory states that the in-group will discriminate against the out-group to enhance their self-image.
The central hypothesis of social identity theory is that group members of an in-group will seek to find negative aspects of an out-group, thus enhancing their tranceformingnlp.com: Saul Mcleod. Conformity is a type of social influence involving a change in belief or behavior in order to fit in with a group.
This change is in response to real (involving the physical presence of others) or imagined (involving the pressure of social norms / expectations) group pressure. Evaluate social identity theory, making reference to relevant studies. Introduction. Outline the purpose of your essay ; This essay will attempt to make an appraisal by weighing up the strengths and limitations of the social identity theory, with studies supported.