Management The value chain was a concept initially proposed by McKinsey and later developed and made public by Harvard strategy guru Michael Porter.
Value Chain for Competitive Advantage Value Chain for Competitive Advantage 3 March Value Corporate and operational managers strive to create more value by optimizing the supply-chain activities. Optimization of supply chain activities means competition from other firms, primarily on cost-efficiency.
However, optimization of supply chain activities alone cannot always yield a source of competitive advantage.
This is for the simple reason that value chain not only seeks to do away with the activities that do not add value, but establishes the importance of other support activities, including infrastructure, technology, and so on, that play a vital role in providing the foundation for competitive advantage.
Where supply chain focuses on efficiency of every function, value chain focuses on the functions that are critical to be effective.
Although efficiency can be termed as the hygiene factor, it is this effectiveness that has the potential to provide a scope for competitive advantage. The primary and secondary elements of the value chain and their interrelationships make the value chain behave as a complex system, where the system mostly remains in a seemingly critical state of instability.
This instability can be seen as the opportunity for the strategic managers to provide a basis for competitive advantage.
Value chain can be seen as a collection of activities that a firm undertakes in order to provide the offering to the market; with the attributes that the market wants, and with the price that the market is willing to pay. With an addition of a totally different case from India that exemplifies how value chain is used to achieve competitive advantage; and with reaching similar findings with the help of a different methodology.
This difference in methodology is expected to highlight possible assumptions that may be critical to the subject. The lessons learnt from the Indian experience and its comparison with the Chinese experience may be seen as an effort to make the subject-value chain to achieve competitive advantage-empirical.
This paper aims to achieve two fundamental things.
First the critical understanding of the value chain and the differentiating factor from the supply chain, is essential, to appreciate the benefits of value chain.
Second, the benefits of the value chain that are realized in companies are exemplified through the cases of a Chinese company: Li and Fung, and an Indian company: The case of Li and Fung is taken from my previous work and the idiosyncratic configuration of value chain is extended by taking another case—Infosys.
Radical or dramatic levels of differentiation can naturally be termed as a strong source to achieve competitive advantage.
This paper builds heavily on the concepts and practices proposed by Porter in his book Competitive Advantage: Creating and Sustaining Superior Performance Porter proposes that its is the value chain through which a company can create and offer value to its customers by efficiently utilizing costs and effectively offering the product or services through a lower cost or a higher differentiation.
Introduction Modern managers find efficiency in supply chain as an essential factor to achieve efficiency in operations.
Efficiency in operations leads to lowering of the cost price of the offering, giving a higher leeway for the organization to achieve competitive advantage, especially when the competitors are not so efficient in utilization of costs for a comparable offering.
The changing market dynamics and the demanding customers have made it a necessity for these managers to build shorter lead times, more customization, higher productivity and lower costs, into their offering.Nov 29, · Value chain analysis separates a business into a series of value-generating activities called a "value chain," often including primary and support activities.
This assists a financial analyst in discerning which activities a business uses to create a competitive advantage and generate shareholder value. Value Chain is a model that helps to analyze specific activities through which firms can create value and competitive advantage.
A value chain is a chain of activities for a firm operating in a specific industry. The value chain is a concept developed by recognized Harvard business management expert Michael Porter in his book “Competitive Advantage ().” It breaks up the various elements of producing and delivery value to customers into key components.
An analysis of the value chain rather than value added is the appropriate way to examine competitive advantage.
Value added (selling price less the cost of purchased raw materials) has sometimes been used as the focal point for cost analysis because it was viewed as the area in which. Value Chain is a model that helps to analyze specific activities through which firms can create value and competitive advantage.
A value chain is a chain of activities for a firm operating in a specific industry. Value chain analysis is a method to review all the activities in an organization that contribute to maximizing competitive advantage and customer delight while identifying non value added waste and costs in the value chain process (Walter & Rainbrid, ).